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Gerbera, one of the most popular flowers appreciated by those who love nature, even aesthetically beautiful. The gerbera is suitable for decorating, furnishing apartments, brings color and cheer to balconies and also in flower beds or in large gardens. It does not create monotonous flower spots but with this plant it is possible composing mosaics of petals since it is available in many shades and colors. There are also varieties with it long stem, usually chosen for flower arrangements.
Before the flower appears, there are thick rosettes of green leaves, with a leathery appearance and not at all attractive, they gradually widen and only in late spring do the flowers appear and then remain until the beginning of winter. It makes us wait for the stable and pleasant climate of the summer to bloom, but then the gerbera does it generously as well as beautiful. So he gives us large daisies, often in a single color but with variable colors and diameters much larger than those of the classic daisies.
L'height of the gerbera it can be extremely out of the ordinary, up to 35-45 cm, but usually if we grow it in the garden, it does not exceed 25-35 cm. For those who have some on the balcony or do not want flowers that stand out too much, there are dwarf varieties, under 20 cm.
Looking at the corollas that almost seem designed by a computer scientist and drawn by computer with a precision graphics program, one can only associate the idea of elegance and regularity with this flower. Due to its shape, therefore, it is considered the symbol of the "perfect daisy".
Native to tropical areas and the equatorial belts, passing from Asia to Africa and Latin America, gerbera is now present almost everywhere in about 30 different species from which hybrids have been created up to a few thousand types of flower, all perfect. Jamsonii and viridiflora are the most common species, the name of the Gerbera derives from that of a German naturalist who devoted a lot of time and various studies to these flowers.
In Europe, gerbera has been cultivated since late nineteenth century even if it is not native to our continent. Over the years many hybrids have been born, almost always used to obtain cut flowers because the long stem and the shape so appreciated are very popular.
Who wants to cultivate the gerbera must place it in a very bright and sunny place and check that there is never water stagnation, one of the problems this flower is most affected by. If the cultivation is in the garden or on a balcony, then i flowers appear from April and remain until October, in the apartment the gerbera produces it all year round, as far as sowing is concerned, it must be done between February and April or around October-November.
Besides produce many flowers, this plant also gives its fans the opportunity to choose from numerous colors. The red gerbera is undoubtedly my favorite, due to its bright and lively color. All flowers of this type are very showy, forget the pastel shades, but when the petals are red, it is impossible not to notice them even in a flowerbed full of other varieties.
For the less courageous, or for more official occasions, there is also the white version, and we can also choose between pure white and creamy white. By composing a bouquet of only gerberas, varying the colors we also find ourselves choosing from pink, lilac, purple, red, orange, yellow ones. They all have a intense and decisive color.
Yellow is particularly bright, often it is confused with orange but there are also orange gerberas. They all have elongated petals distributed in corollas that can be single or double.
It's a quite delicate flower, even if widespread. Its enemies are aphids, the red spider mite, and the rot that can be created around the roots. Who wants to grow this plant starting from seeds can buy one pack of 30 online at 1.14 euros.
Gerbera is a fairly robust plant and usually parasites and insects they stay away from her and leave her alone. If by chance it is attacked by aphids, they are creatures that can be eliminated with a good specific insecticide or with biological control. The real problem with gerbera are the fungal attacks that can really kill her. If this flower is found in environments with very high environmental humidity, lack of ventilation and brightness, it can get sick and die from an attack of this kind.
Some of these attacks can lead to root rot which begins to turn the leaves brown and gradually brings the plant into a state of great suffering.
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