Jade tree: characteristics and types

Jade tree: characteristics and types

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L'jade tree it is a fascinating and relatively simple plant to grow. It can grow well in pots and especially if the home climate is hot and dry. With its sturdy brown trunks that support green and shiny leaves with particular solidity, the jade tree (Crassula ovata) is certainly one of the pieces of furniture to consider for those with a green thumb!

Characteristics of the jade tree

The jade trees they can live very long and grow in small trees or shrubs of medium height. Its succulent and fleshy leaves are round or oval, dark green, gray-blue or edged in red depending on the species.

The thick stems and branches of jade plants are generally brown in color. In winter, star-shaped clusters of white or pink flowers appear on mature plants. Jades look a lot like miniature trees and are therefore often confused with bonsai.

Diseases of the jade tree

At home, the plant diseases belonging to this class are fortunately quite rare. However, we must be very careful to give too much or too little water, and to take a look at the tree to prevent insects and mites from nesting, which are the main problems of this cultivation.

On the other hand, root rot is usually the result of a soil mixture that does not drain quickly with too frequent irrigation. Leaf drop can occur if the plant is allowed to become extremely dry.

The mealybugs they are the most common insect among jade plants. With the typical appearance of cotton, they can be removed by cleaning the affected area with alcohol using a cotton swab. Do not use insecticide instead, as it can damage the tree. Spider mites can cause plants to lose their typically green color, instead favoring the onset of dust and spots.

How to grow the jade tree

Like many plants in this category, jades prefer the full sun or the filtered light of a south-facing window. Jade plants perform at their best if they are able to receive four or more hours a day of direct sunlight. During the winter months, protect the plants from drafts and do not let their foliage touch the window panes.

The soil must be maintained wet but not wet during the active growth phase in spring and summer. During the winter, let the soil dry out between waterings. Although the succulent appearance of jade plants may make you believe they need little water, drought can cause stains, leaf fall and shrub decay. Avoid spraying water on the leaves during irrigation.

Jades need a very well-drained soil mix to prevent root rot. Fertilize jade plants once every three to four months. A liquid houseplant fertilizer can give great results. Wait four months before feeding the repotted plants.

Finally, remember that jade plants can live quite peacefully for years while they are tied to their roots. If repotting is necessary, do it when new growth begins. As your plant gets older and heavier, move it to a large, heavy pot to avoid possible tipping. Let the soil dry after repotting.

Read also Clematis: cultivation and pruning

Species of the jade tree

There are numerous species of the jade tree on the market. For example, we have the copper jade tree, which has small coppery green leaves on extremely slow-growing stems, or the gold jade tree, which when exposed in full light shows gold-edged leaves.

Other species include the tricolor jade, which has pointed leaves with pink and creamy white stripes, and the red jade tree, with purple-edged leaves when grown in bright light. Finally, there is the silver jade tree, similar to the "traditional" and common one, but with the only difference that its leaves are gray-blue with red margins.

We hope, with these brief explanations, to have provided you with some useful insights to better appreciate this plant and evaluate its inclusion within our home. If you would like to know more about a specific species of jade tree, ask your gardener for some more practical advice!

Video: 17 Types of Jade Plant with Names. Crassula Ovata. Plants that bring luck and wealth (May 2022).