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For read your electricity bill, that of light to be clear, some basic notions are needed but first of all you need to know how the document is 'organized'. The information that a bill must contain is established by law, and even if the different suppliers distribute it differently, the structure does not change much.
Important information from the electricity bill they are on the first three pages. The first (title page) contains key information relating to the customer and the supply; the second is dedicated to the detail of readings and consumption, the second / third to the analytical detail of the supply costs. The fourth page and the following, if any, are generally dedicated to information notes and communications from the supplier, including advertising for other services.
In this article we talk about the information contained on the first page of the electricity bill, in another (Reading the electricity bill: the second and third page) you will find the information on pages 2 and 3 for an analytical reading.
Methodological note. As a reference and for the images we have chosen an electricity bill from A2A (the clearest in our opinion together with Enel) because the Lombard multi-utility has been in first place for two consecutive years in the Databank ranking under Customer satisfaction. Furthermore, according to the data of the Joint Control Committee set up a year ago, A2A has not received any reports of unfair commercial practices to the detriment of the consumer.
Read your electricity bill: the first page
Greater protection - free market. The indication can be found at the top right and is generally printed in large prominence.
- Greater protection: it is the electricity supply service under contractual and economic conditions established by the AEEG. It applies to households and small businesses (low voltage SMEs with fewer than 50 employees and an annual turnover of less than € 10 million). The economic conditions are updated every three months by the AEEG.
- Free market: allows you to choose from the offers of one of the electricity suppliers other than the company exercising the greatest protection that operates in the market subject to the rules and economic conditions set by the AEEG. The economic conditions and other contractual conditions are defined between the parties.
Since January 1, 2007, the energy market has been completely liberalized and those who have not exercised the right to choose the supplier of electricity and gas have remained in the 'greater protection' at administered prices established by the AEEG. Obviously, the 'protection' does not refer to the price, but to the continuity of supply despite the non-transition to the free market.
Which is the cheapest? The prices of the higher protection are not necessarily the best (it depends on the period) and if this has been the case in recent years, it is also because some suppliers have taken advantage of the free market a little. Today, in light of the international situation and the increases decided by the AEEG, there are free market offers at a fixed price that are cheaper than protection. Read also our article: Greater protection or free market?
POD. It is a code consisting of letters and numbers that identifies with certainty the physical point where the energy is delivered by the supplier and taken by the end customer. Since it identifies a physical point on the distribution network, the code does not change even if you change supplier. It consists of: country code (IT) for Italy, distributor code (from 0 to 850), type of service code (E for electricity), 8-digit numeric code that guarantees the uniqueness of the withdrawal point , control key (optional).
Power committed. It is the power level indicated in the contracts and made available by the supplier (technically we speak of contractually committed power). The power used is defined according to the customer's needs at the time of conclusion of the contract, depending on the type (and number) of electrical appliances normally used. For most homes, and therefore for domestic customers, the power used is 3 kW.
Kwh. It is the unit of measurement of electricity; represents the energy absorbed in 1 hour by a device with a power of 1 kW. In the bill, electricity consumption is billed in kWh.
Kw. It is the unit of measurement of power. In the bill, the power used and the power available are expressed in kW.
Fees summary. This is the summary of the amount to be paid with the total of the items explained in the following pages 2-3. It consists of: sales services, network services, taxes, charges other than supply and VAT.